Otros Capítulos Hermanos:

    

    

     

Buenos Aires 2002 ~ 2003

Asociación civil
Programa Panamericano de Defensa y Desarrollo de la Diversidad biológica, cultural y social.

 


    

Volver al inicio

Volver al inicio

ISSN 2362-6518

Evite usar papel - Cuidemos nuestros árboles - Compromiso con el medioambiente      

Principal • Estatuto • Publicaciones • Investigaciones • Desarrollos • Documentos • Seminarios/Talleres/Congresos

Hacia la práctica de una interculturalidad jurídica.

1° Seminario Nacional sobre Derechos Indígenas y Sistemas de Propiedad Intelectual. Conservación y Gestión de la Biodiversidad y el Conocimiento Tradicional asociado. Facultad de Derecho - UBA. Buenos Aires, 11 al 15 de febrero 2002

En la foto: Algunos de los 94 seminaristas pertenecientes a los pueblos: Ava guaraní, Aymara, Charrúa, Diaguita, Huarpe, Mapuche, Pampa, Quechua,  Tehuelche, Toba, Tonocoté y Wichí, junto a la directora y las disertantes del Seminario, en el terraplen del la Facultad de Derecho de la Universidad de Buenos Aires.

El 1° Seminario informativo sobre los derechos y la práctica en los sistemas de propiedad intelectual se llevó a cabo por la iniciativa del Instituto de Investigaciones Jurídicas y Sociales "Ambrosio L. Gioja" de la Universidad de Buenos Aires, con el apoyo y coordinación del Centro Kolla, Gran Parlamento Indígena Nacional y el Lof Fvta Anekon, fue dictado por la Dra. Teodora Zamudio, con la participación, como expositoras especiales, de las dras. Verónica Martínez Marignac y Carolina García y el dr. Jorge A. Franza.

Repercusión

SOCIETY FOR LATIN AMERICAN ANTHROPOLOGY

Indigenous Rights in Argentina

Gabriela Vargas-Cetina, Contributing Editor

Argentinean lawyer Teodora Zamudio from Pro-Diversitas coordinated last February the first National Seminar on Indigenous Rights and Intellectual Property, at the university of Buenos Aires.  94 participants from several countries and Indigenous regions took part.  At the end of the seminar, they drafted a collective document, asking for more precise legal definitions of terms used to refer to Indigenous peoples such as “community,” people,” “population” and “ethnic group.”  Since Indigenous groups are seen as legal subjects who have traditional knowledge and make use of resources, it is necessary to state clearly the boundaries of Indigenous groups as owners of their collective resources.  Seminar participants are calling for research on Indigenous consuetudinary rights, so that they can be written down and later become part of national legislation.  The areas of research would have to include: rules as to who can be part of each Indigenous group, traditional decision-making processes, and the extent of obligation sanctions convey.  After signing the document, several representatives of Indigenous groups made themselves responsible for research projects pertaining to their own communities.


 

2° Seminario Nacional sobre Derechos Indígenas y Sistemas de Propiedad Intelectual. Conservación y Gestión de la Biodiversidad y el Conocimiento Tradicional asociado. Facultad de Derecho - UBA. Buenos Aires, 17 al 21 de febrero 2003

En el 2° Seminario, la madurez alcanzada y la mayor presencia y representatividad de los concurrentes (ver más abajo detalle de las Comunidades presentes) permitió la redacción de un documento "Declaración de Buenos Aires" y su depósito ante las autoridades del Instituto Nacional de la Propiedad Industrial de la Argentina, presentes en el día de cierre del Seminario.

Lectura de la Declaración de Buenos Aires ante las autoridades del Instituto de la Propiedad Industrial de la República Argentina. (de izq. a der.) Solita Pereyra (tinkina del Pueblo Tonocoté), Lic. Díaz Pérez (vicepresidente del INPI), Roberto Aramburu (presidente del INPI) y Dra. Haydée Dávila (directora legal del INPI)

testimonios gráficos de este encuentro
Momentos del encuentro de trabajo para la preparación de la Declaración


El lonko Lorenzo Cejas Pincén (pampa mapuche) junto a la lic. Liliana Siede y el dr. Carlos Burger (miembros de la cátedra de Bioética y Derecho de la facultad de Derecho de la Universidad de Buenos Aires) quienes llevaron a cabo encuestas de opinion sobre los temas tratados durante el seminario. Algunos de los encuestados aceptaron que los resultados fueran entregados a la Secretaría del Convenio de la Diversidad Biológica.
 



El lonko Lorenzo Cejas Pincé (pampa mapuche) junto a Analía Sahaniuk coordinadora de Pro-Diversitas

Firma de la DECLARACIÓN

En el momento de firmar la Declaración de Buenos Aires, junto a la responsable académica del Seminario Dra. Teodora Zamudio:

A la Derecha:
Foto superior: El Director de Educación Mapuche de la Provincia de Neuquen, Bernardo Ñanco (mapuche)
Foto inferior: El cacique  Aniceto Ruarte (wichi)

 

En la foto superior Néstor Pacho (aymara) con Carolina García (criolla).

 

 

 

En la foto inferior el shaman Andrés Madariaga (pilagá) con la responsable académica del Seminario Dra. Teodora Zamudio (Criolla)

Entrega de DIPLOMAS

Repercusión

Call for Argentine register of local knowledge
Valeria Roman
Date posted: 21 Mar 2003

Source: SciDev.Net

http://www.scidev.net/global/bioprospecting/news/call-for-argentine-register-of-local-knowledge.html


SciDev.Net is sponsored by Nature and Science in association with the Third World Academy of Sciences. It is published with the financial support of the UK Department for International Development, the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, and the International Development Research Centre in Ottawa, Canada.

[BUENOS AIRES] Indigenous communities from Argentina have urged the creation of a register of their traditional knowledge in a bid to stop foreign companies from using such knowledge for commercial gain without returning any benefits to local people.

A group of 44 indigenous leaders meeting in Buenos Aires last month signed a declaration calling on the National Institute of Industrial Property (INPI) — the government organisation responsible for implementing intellectual property laws — to set up such an initiative.

INPI director Mario Roberto Aramburu says that “the Institute is evaluating how the proposal could be carried out and is analysing what would be the best format” [for the register].

The proposal is that indigenous communities could choose to share the knowledge in the register free of charge, or could sell the rights to use the knowledge to other people or companies. The register would also provide a way for indigenous communities to prove their 'prior knowledge’ of a particular technique if a company tried to take out a patent on its scientific basis. Indigenous communities from outside Argentina would also be allowed to register their intellectual property as part of the initiative.

“We approved the declaration because we want to stop our economic impoverishment while non-indigenous people enrich themselves with our knowledge”, says Sapallitan Pereyra, a member of the Tonocote group, a community of 4,000 individuals in the province of Santiago del Estero, in the north of Argentina.

“With the national register, we want to prevent the abuse and robbery of our traditional knowledge”, she says. The register would cover a variety of types of traditional knowledge, including the use of medicinal plants, music and images. The declaration was approved by representatives of 90 per cent of the more than one million indigenous people in Argentina.

According to Teodora Zamudio, a professor at the University of Buenos Aires School of Law and president of Prodiversitas, a non-governmental organisation that works to protect biodiversity, in making these demands, indigenous communities are simply calling for the proper implementation of existing laws designed to protect their historical and cultural knowledge.

“For centuries, indigenous communities have produced many intellectual creations," she says. "But these creations do not fall into the same [legal] category as inventions. For this reason, indigenous production needs its own copyright category”.

Zamudio points out that many sandals, belts and other handicrafts sold in Buenos Aires carry the traditional designs of indigenous people in South America, but the business is carried out without the consent of those who developed these designs.

Similarly, she says, the Aymará group in northern Argentina has not received any benefit from music they have developed which is widely used in a form of psychotherapy.

 

Participaron y Apoyaron estos Seminarios



INSTITUCIONES
ELABE~Mainetti


REVISTAS

Agusvinnus

Cultura y Drogas
Salud & Sociedad

PROGRAMAS
Derecho de los Pueblos Indígenas (UBA)


PROPUESTAS
Tesis doctorales y Magistrales

Biotech & Derecho

Cuestiones bioéticas entorno a la muerte

Evite usar papel - Cuidemos nuestros árboles - Compromiso con el medioambiente    

Preguntas o comentarios sobre este sitio Web

Programa Panamericano de Defensa y Desarrollo de la Diversidad biológica, cultural y social, asociación civil I.G.J. res. 000834/00 Talcahuano 1146 2° B  C.A.B.A.(1013) Argentina

© ES MATERIAL DE DIVULGACIÓN.  Está autorizada su reproducción total o parcial.  Agradecemos citar la fuente. 

Última modificación: lunes, 25 de abril de 2016